Greek Political Parties and the First Attempt to Establish Political Networks:
the Greek Liberal Associations, Leagues, and Clubs
This digital application presents the first findings of an ongoing research into the institutional political network of the Greek Liberal Party, as reflected in the establishment of Associations, Leagues, and Clubs. Political networks have for the most part been ignored by historical research in Greece; despite the recent critique on the interpretation of clientele politics of parties, the efforts to establish institutional political networks have been by and large underplayed. The Greek Liberal Party, founded in 1910 by Eleftherios Venizelos, seems to have tried from the outset to establish associations throughout Greece and abroad. The establishment of associations, as shown by the study of statutes available, intended to set up local party base organizations whose members would work to promote the political directives of the Liberal Party and, by extension, the predominance of the party in elections.
According to the first findings, a wide political network of the Liberal Party emerges in this digital application; the first decade is emphasized by presenting 84 points spreading throughout the entire Greek territory, while certain significant areas abroad are included as well. The findings presented have resulted through primary research, which revealed the barely known network of the Liberal Party, including—apart from the Clubs—Associations and Leagues all over Greece.
This digital application was made possible thanks to the response of the archives where relevant material was sought: the of the Benaki Museum’s Historical Archives, the General State Archives of Greece—both the Central Office and the local Archives of Argolida, Arta, the Cyclades, Laconia, Messinia, Lesvos, and the Kaireios Library of Andros.
The fields of registry featured in the digital application are as follows:
· LOCATION OF SETTLEMENT: this field shows the headquarters of the Association, League, or Club
· TYPE: this field shows the type of each party network (Association, League, or Club)
· NAME: this field shows the name (usually as noted in statutes)
· FOUNDING: this field shows the year of establishment according to the Statutes. If the year of founding has been estimated according to another document, this is noted in the comments
· DISSOLUTION: this field shows the date of dissolution of the network, if found
· FOUNDING MEMBERS: this field shows the names of the founding members, if found
· BOARD: this field shows the names of members of the first Board of Directors (Administrative Council)
· SOURCES AND/ OR BIBLIOGRAPHY: this field shows the primary source or the bibliography referred to.